Today In History: The first color photograph was published, Persia is renamed Iran, Equal Rights Amendment passed...

1765 - British pass Stamp Act (the first direct British tax on the American colonists) as it hoped to raise sufficient funds to defend the vast new American territories won from the French in the Seven Years’ War.

1794 - US Congress passed laws that prohibited slave trade with foreign countries although slavery remained legal in the United States.

1859 - Quito,
Ecuador, the site of many powerful earthquakes through the years, suffers one of its worst when a tremor kills 5,000 people and destroys some of the most famous buildings in South America, on this day in 1859.

1904 - The first color photograph was published in the London Daily Illustrated Mirror.

1919 - The first international airline service was inaugurated on a weekly schedule between Paris and Brussels.

1935 - Persia is renamed Iran.

1945 - Representatives from Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, Transjordan, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Yemen met in Cairo to establish the Arab League, a regional organization of Arab states, formed to foster economic growth in the region, resolve disputes between its members and coordinate political aims.

1972 - The Equal Rights Amendment, meant to provide for the legal equality of the sexes and prohibit discrimination on the basis of sex was passed by the U.S. Senate and sent to the states for ratification.

1983 - The origins of the Hummer: the Pentagon awarded a production contract worth more than $1 billion to AM General Corporation to develop 55,000 High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicles (HMMWV) nicknamed the Humvee.

2014 - 43 people died when a portion of a hill suddenly collapsed and buried a neighborhood in the small community of Oso, Washington, about 55 miles northeast of Seattle.



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