Today In History: Albert Einstein was born on this day...

In 1776 - Alexander Hamilton receives his commission as captain of a New York artillery company. Throughout the rest of 1776, Captain Hamilton established himself as a great military leader as he directed his artillery company in several battles in and around New York City.

In 1833 - Lucy Hobbs Taylor, first woman dentist was

In 1854 - Paul Ehrlich, German bacteriologist who received the Nobel Prize for medicine.

In 1879 - Albert Einstein is born, the son of a Jewish electrical engineer in Ulm, Germany. Einstein's theories of special and general relativity drastically altered man's view of the universe, and his work in particle and energy theory helped make possible quantum mechanics and, ultimately, the atomic bomb.

In 1912 - An anarchist named Antonio Dalba unsuccessfully attempts to kill Italy's King Victor Emmanuel III in Rome.

In 1915 - The British ships Kent and Glasgow corner the German light cruiser Dresden in Cumberland Bay, off the coast of Chile. After raising the white flag, the Dresden‘s crew abandoned and scuttled the ship, which sank with its German ensign flying.

In 1922 - John "Jack" Mack, who co-founded what would become one of North America's largest makers of heavy-duty trucks, is killed when his car collides with a trolley in Pennsylvania on March 14, 1922.

In 1936 - Adolf Hitler tells a crowd of 300,000 that Germany's only judge is God and itself.

In 1950 - The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) institutes the "Ten Most Wanted Fugitives" list in an effort to publicize particularly dangerous fugitives. The creation of the program arose out of a wire service news story in 1949 about the "toughest guys" the FBI wanted to capture.

In 1958 - The Recording Industry Association of America awards first Gold Record to Perry Como for "Catch A Falling Star".

In 1964 - Jack Ruby, the Dallas nightclub owner who killed Lee Harvey Oswald–the accused assassin of President John F. Kennedy–is found guilty of the "murder with malice" of Oswald and sentenced to die in the electric chair.

In 1967 - The body of President John F. Kennedy is moved to a spot just a few feet away from its original interment site at Arlington National Cemetery. The slain president had been assassinated more than three years earlier, on November 22, 1963.

In 1980 - A Polish Airlines flight, on a Soviet-built Ilyushin 62 jet, crashes while attempting to land in Warsaw, killing all 87 people on board, including 22 members of the United States boxing team.

In 1991 - In the face of widespread questioning of their guilt, British authorities release the so-called "Birmingham Six," six Irish men who had been sent to prison 16 years earlier for the 1974 terrorist bombings of two Birmingham, England, pubs.

In 2018 - British scientist and cosmologist Stephen Hawking passed away in his sleep at the aged of 76

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