In 1781, the seventh planet of the solar system, Uranus, was discovered by Sir William Herschel.
In 1865, the Confederacy in America, in a desperate measure,reluctantly approves the use of black troops.
In 1868, For the first time in U.S. history, the impeachment trial of an American president gets underway in the U.S. Senate
In 1881, Czar Alexander II, the ruler of Russia since 1855, is killed in the streets of St. Petersburg by a bomb thrown by a member of the revolutionary "People's Will" group.
In 1944, Britain announces that all travel between Ireland and the United Kingdom is suspended, the result of the Irish government's refusal to expel Axis-power diplomats within its borders.
In 1992, A 6.8-magnitude earthquake near Erzincan, Turkey, and an unusually powerful aftershock two days later kill at least 500 people and leave 50,000 people homeless.
In 1996, a gunman burst into an elementary school in Dunblane, Scotland, and opened fire, killing 16 children and one teacher before killing himself.
In 2008, The body of Chaldean Catholic Archbishop Paulos Faraj Rahho (POW'-loh fah-RAHJ' rah-HOO') was found in a shallow grave in northern Iraq, two weeks after he was kidnapped by gunmen in one of the most dramatic attacks against the country's small Christian community. Gold hit a record, rising to $1,000 an ounce for the first time. Bode Miller clinched the men's overall World Cup ski title in Bormio, Italy.
In 2013, Jorge Bergoglio (HOHR'-hay behr-GOHG'-lee-oh) of Argentina was elected pope, choosing the name Francis; he was the first pontiff from the Americas and the first from outside Europe in more than a millennium.